The APC project allowed us to achieve record production rates by finding optimal process operating conditions. This reduced the amount of energy needed per gallon of ethanol produced, says Sommer. With the APC application, EKAE was able to overcome operational constraints that limited plant production efficiency.
Reflecting Real-Time Reality
A picture may be worth 1,000 words, but it also can be a useful model thats worth a pile to savings. For instance, Jura Cements Wildegg plant partnered with ABB Switzerland in 2005 to integrate model-predictive control (MPC) into ABBs Expert Optimizer 5.0 software and extended it to include Mixed Logical Dynamic (MLD) systems. ABB says combining MLD modeling with an MPC system can make short-term predictions about process evolution. Jura uses ABBs System 800xA as the control for its main plant, but it also integrates Siemens S7s Cemat library into 800xA by accessing data via Siemens-based OPC servers and an ABB Cemat Connect library.
In Juras cement mills, MPC and MLD can evaluate the merits of different control decisions and then select and implement the best decisions for the future. Also, the MLD mill model is constructed in Expert Optimizers graphical model building toolkit, so it gives veteran operators a clear representation of the real systems relationships with its components. After the success of the first mill operating with Expert Optimizer 5.0s MPC and MLD control, Jura decided in May 2008 to extend the software to its other mills.
Figure 2. Mechanics, shift supervisors and managers at National Grid get visual KPIs from their electric and gas facilities using Transparas displays from other software data sources.
Reaching Up to the Enterprise
Once optimization and MPC tools begin to achieve efficiencies, and their users get familiar with them, it seems like they almost involuntarily seek out other applications to improve, including those leading up the management and enterprise ladder.
To extract inaccessible DCS data needed to fix its $250,000 phase separator and keep a production unit from wearing out pumps too fast, Arkema Chemicals in Calvert City, Ky., deployed OSIsofts PI System software about six years ago and achieved a $1.8-million, one-time savings and annual savings of $590,000. The plant makes Forane refrigerants for automotive air conditioners, other blended refrigerants and Kynar polymers.
Dwight Stoffel, Arkemas principal plant electrical instrumentation engineer, says it took three days to install PI, and it provides a common point of view, necessary decision points and easy access to the plants disparate information sources. As a result, staffers in every department use several PI client tools, including ProcessBook for graphical visualization, trending and analysis and DataLink for Excel-based reporting. Personnel in maintenance, logistics, engineering, the laboratory, accounting, process technology and operations have access to PI information, and they all use it to do their jobs better and optimize processes, says Stoffel.
Modeling to Simulation to Training
Because plant dynamics, such as feedstock levels and downstream flows, are so complex to coordinate, the real beauty of an MPC system is that it takes information from an applications other models and then makes changes at the exact right time to increase that applications throughput.
For example, John Ragone, plant process optimization manager at National Grid, says the utility tries to give its technicians and managers actionable information in role-based formats, so they can make more efficient and timely decisions. National Grid has 6,650 megawatts of generating capacity, about 4.4 million electricity customers in New England and New York State, and more than 3.4 million gas customers in the U.S.
The two pillars of our information architecture are OSI PI and SmartSignal, and we use them for performance monitoring, predictive maintenance monitoring, DCS historian and analysis, e-notification, control room unit dispatch, energy trader analysis, fuel management and cellular access to real-time data, says Ragone. This means mechanics, performance engineer, shift supervisors and traders receive key performance indicators (KPIs) pre-assigned for their specific jobs from original data sources via cellphones, Blackberries and other handheld tools using Transpara Corp.s business intelligence (BI) visualization software.
So far, Ragone adds, National Grid has saved more than $11 million, thanks in part to its role-based data display tools, mostly in heat-rate savings, ISO penalty disputes and testing, DCS historical database improvements, and identifying critical points on a fluid drive. So, can I lead next time?
Jim Montague is Controls executive editor
For more information on Optimization check outwww.ControlGlobal.com/0803_opt.html
How to Optimize Your Application
Maina Macharia, Pavilion Technologies project engineering manager, says there are several basic steps in undertaking most process control optimization projects.