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By Dennis Brown, Dart Oil and Gas, Sr. Measurement Technician
Dart Oil and Gas operates a field of coal bed methane gas wells in an area of southeast Kansas called the Cherokee Basin, located approximately ninety minutes from Tulsa, Okla.
It is no secret that the world of oil and gas production has been turbulent over the last few years. Prices are fluctuating on a daily basis, and companies across the globe are looking for methods to cut costs, while ensuring the quality and quantity of production. Dart Oil and Gas has a series of coal bed methane gas wells each fitted with an electronic flowmeter which passed data through an Ethernet network (TCP IP backbone) paired with an RS232 radio network back to a central gateway at the main office. All data from the field was consolidated at the main office and was not accessible by the engineers in the field. This inability to access data from the flowmeters meant that Dart's engineers had to adopt a reactive maintenance posture, rather than a proactive one.
To solve this problem they turned to the open standard of OPC technology. The solution started with a wireless network and an OPC Server called TDS32. TDS32 OPC/DDE driver is a Totalflow protocol link to all OPC/DDE software systems. It is compatible with WinCCU software and can also serve as a stand-alone link to other systems. TDS32 OPC/DDE driver software supports more than 50,000 tags. This solution increased the rate of data flow from the wells, but still did not solve the problem of multiple operator access in the field. All data was still only accessible through the corporate DDE system.
The problem became how to display the OPC values from the wells to multiple operators across a secure network at an affordable price. The current solution meant that if a field engineer wanted to see the production of a particular well, that data was only accessible by making a physical trip to the main office. This became a huge problem for the operators at Dart Oil and Gas. They were essentially locked out of viewing their own data. Another issue was the limitations of using a DDE connection. Production values had to be refreshed at the beginning of each shift due to the inability of establishing a polling routine. The decision was made to change the system and make the data available in real time to all through the use of an HMI or a flexible OPC client. The problem now was which client to choose?
As a company in a very competitive market, Dart Oil and Gas was looking for a solution that was scalable and flexible enough to give it what it needed today, yet be scalable enough to grow with it as needed. Essentially the company was looking for a solution that it could control, and not a solution that would control it. After the first few product reviews, they company realized that it needed an HMI SCADA software package that had a modular design which would enable it to purchase the required plug-ins, but also had the flexibility to accept additional modules as needs changed. An affordable and economic solution needed to be found—one that would enable the increase of production while not breaking the bank.
The Open Automation Software (www.opcsystems.com) approach has always been one of flexibility and scalability. Coming from a system integrator background, Open Automation Software understands the needs of the engineer in the field and the importance of decentralized data access. Engineers need to be able to access and trend data in the field to make more efficient decisions. The Open Automation Software approach would enable Dart Oil and Gas to meet its two main goals: 1. Flexible real-time data access; 2. Staying within a predetermined budget.
Dart Oil and Gas exploited the flexibility of the Open Automation's OPC Systems library to create a unique plug and play solution containing OPC Systems Trend, OPC Web Controls, OPC Database and OPC Excel. The combination of these products enables Open Automation Software to connect the existing DDE connection directly to the OPC Excel interface. This enabled the use of Windows 7 instead of DDE. Not only did this provide the field engineers with the ability to exploit the features of Windows 7, but it also eliminated the issue of the DDE values having to be refreshed at the beginning of each shift. OPC's built-in polling eliminated the need of manually providing data. Data was now available in real time to any operator at anytime.
The decision to choose Open Automation Software's OPC Systems software provided dividends right away. Not only was the problem of being able to securely accessing real-time data from wells in the field eliminated, but now the data could be streamed directly to any web enabled Smartphone or device. Thanks to the web environment created by the Open Automation Software products data can be pulled by a smart phone such as the iPhone, manipulated, and then pushed from the iPhone though the OPC Server to the test meters in the field.
"Dart Oil and Gas Engineers were looking for a solution where an operator could hit the button on the phone and receive data from the poll request. Not only would operators receive the poll request, but they could trouble shoot problems in a matter of minutes all over their smart phone.. Open Automation Software enables engineers to work with the "big picture" rather than mess around with the mechanics of creating scripts. It empowers us to get the job done!" said Dennis Brown, Dart Oil and Gas.
In the world of gas production time is money. Typically a gas production company only has 24 hrs to produce the gas required for sale on the market in the next 24 hours. Each minute of downtime equates to profit and production lost as the global price for natural gas fluctuates. The biggest advantage to the Open Automation Systems web-based solution is the decrease in lost production time. Operators can see the real-time values as well as the trend of the past week for a particular pump. They know what decisions to make based on the equipment status. If corporate wants to accelerate the production of natural gas due to a rise in price, then the operators are continually in the loop and can ensure asset longevity and maintenance schedules are in tune with production requirements. Predictive maintenance takes two steps forward thanks to the innovation of Open Automation Software.