Most of the control literature focuses on minimizing the integrated absolute error (IAE) for a step disturbance, often in a linear system. In the process industry, there are many other objectives and complications that require special attention.
A lot of time and money can be spent deciding which valves need positioners and which flows need measurement. We tend to look at short term costs such as hardware and not the cost of troubleshooting and the implications as to plant performance.
Given that cascade control loops are everywhere without much consideration as to dynamic requirements, what can we do to make the implementation effective? Here are some specifics by the way of detailed recommendations on the sequence, speed, and setup for tuning PID and digital valve controllers.
Did you know all loops today use cascade control? Do you understand how cascade control can correct for lower loop disturbances before they affect the upper loop and can make the upper loop faster? Do you know what to do to keep the system from oscillating if the lower loop...