The amount of information that the generalist needs to know is staggering. The knowledge needed is buried in a hundred thousand pages of publications and presentations that are oriented toward the specialist. Here I provide the essentials for the best field instrumentation system.
A lot of time and money can be spent deciding which valves need positioners and which flows need measurement. We tend to look at short term costs such as hardware and not the cost of troubleshooting and the implications as to plant performance.
Each process test will typically give a different result in the process dynamics identified and consequential tuning settings calculated. Here we look at the sources of this lack of repeatability, the implications, and what can be done to improve tuning tests.
There are some simple diagnostic checks and rules of thumb on tuning adjustments that can be used to find out if there is a problem with the PID tuning and what is the solution. This guidance in conjunction with good tuning software can reduce process variability introduced or aggravated by...
When is a controller in automatic not able to do anything to reduce an oscillation? When will a controller amplify an oscillation? In both of these cases, the controller is doing more harm than good by wearing out valves and upsetting other loops.
Sensor lags, transmitter damping, and PID signal filters can make oscillations look better but is this really a good a thing? Here we look at how these dynamics affect what you see and how much of a problem it can be.
What comes at you too fast? How do people know you are a process control engineer? What is more disturbing than talk shows? Is a flea market indicative of a project behind schedule? These and other questions you have not asked will be answered.
Before the 1990s relatively few choices in PID structure were offered. There were also various supplier specific rules as to how to set the proportional mode and integral mode tuning settings to get proportional-only and integral-only control. A different model controller may have been needed for a different structure.
Not knowing the implications of the PID Form in an existing control system being migrated or the PID Form learned in a University course can cause gross errors in the tuning parameters and potential instability. The PID Form predominantly used today is not the Form in most of the controllers...
The question for the day is where to locate measurements. My first choice would be a Caribbean island but if the plant is not there, the sensing or sample lines and the associated transportation delays would be quite long.