Emergency mass notification for hazardous industrial processing operations has traditionally focused on audible and visual signaling devices such as sirens, horns, warning lights, beacons, public address and intercom systems. And the extent of the ability to quickly alert anyone outside the plantincluding fire, police and medical first responderswas until relatively recently limited to auto-dialing telecommunications. On September 11, 2001, however, everything changed.
The horrific terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City dramatically accelerated the evolution of mass notification strategies and technologies. This has been particularly evident in the case of hazardous industrial applications, and resulted in plant safety being suddenly and inextricably interwoven with critical security and detection functions. The threat of terrorist attacks has most definitely prompted industrial plant managers to completely re-evaluate their approach to emergency mass notificationboth internally and externally. And for obvious reasons, this comprehensive re-examination of mass notification requirements has had a substantial impact on facilities that process, use, store and distribute hazardous chemical materials.
Compliance with directives from government agencies is clearly one of the driving forces propelling this comprehensive re-assessment of emergency mass notification planning, systems and resources. Also at play is the subsequent proliferation of new software-driven technology riding on existing network topologies; and the deployment of seamless, multi-device, interoperable communications both within and outside the facility. Finally, there is the growing trend towards integrated systems, which in this instance encompasses the integration of disparate mass-notification devices and communication systems to achieve the highest possible levels of reliability and monitoring through redundancy and operational simplicity.
In the 1990s, industrial plants began to integrate and merge their "islands of automation" by networking devices to programmable controllers and controllers to control systems and HMIs (human machine interfaces). As the number of intelligent devices increased, the demand to supply power to these devices also increased.
Mitigating physical security risks in the world's energyproducing regions is a challenge that governments and companies have grappled with for decades. In this white paper, we'll discuss the key requirements for an effective platform security strategy, and we will describe the latest technology enabling an integrated security management system.
The purpose of the presentation is to demonstrate how an investment in simulation software that can provide comprehensive coverage throughout the entire lifecycle of a plant, from front end engineering design (FEED), to operator training, to operation optimization can be utilized for maximizing the returns. The returns of the simulation investment are typically achieved through reduced downtime, improved product yield and quality.
This white paper discusses how solar thermal systems, with the help of portable data loggers, can be optimized to deliver the financial benefits residential and commercial users hope to achieve through their investments.
The Effect on the 10/100 Industrial Ethernet Switch Performance.
The Anixter Infrastructure Solutions Lab wanted to determine what effect the new TIA-1005 industrial cabling infrastructure standard would have on the data throughput performance of real Ethernet data packets running between SmartBits test cards and various manufacturers' 10/100 Ethernet switches in a real-world simulation. The test included five (5) different IP20-rated switches and three (3) different enterprise rack-mounted switches using various cabling channels made from both Category 5e and Category 6 cabling components and connector pairs that are allowable under the standard. The premise also asserts that the effect of the cabling channel interference will also vary from port to port and switch to switch because of the variable transmitter and receiver functionality.
One of the benefits using a documenting calibrator is to be able to determine how accurate an instrument or sensor is. However, many times in the calibration process, documentation is a step that process manufacturers skip because they lack the resources and the time to do so. Although most instruments are very accurate these days, regulatory bodies often need to know just how inaccurate a particular instrument is and whether it drifts in and out of a specified tolerance over time. Download this white paper and learn how using a documenting calibrator can can help cut down costs and time, minimize manual errors while improving efficiency, accuracy and quality in the calibration process.
Small manufacturers with batch or sequenceoriented processes can finally stop settling for less. A new generation of fully featured process automation systems can now meet small manufacturers' automation needs and budgets.
Amidst the continued heated discussion on the pros and cons of integrated safety systems, market demand driven by the pursuit of reduced cost, operational excellence and engineering efficiencies continues to fuel the inevitable integration efforts. This white paper will discuss integrated safety system solutions.
Flat panel displays have become very popular in the automation industry with applications such as Industrial computers and Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs) connecting to all different types of PLCs and embedded controller boards. An understanding of the history and development of a technology can be a tremendous aid in properly utilizing it for a given application. This article discusses the evolution of the HMIs, in particular the backlights behind the HMIs used in many of todays industries.
Reducing the carbon footprint brought on by plant inefficiencies, with the goals of reducing plant costs, achieving energy efficiency and security, and abating greenhouse gases (GHGs) are challenges faced today. Download paper now for energy efficiency solutions. Or, visit TheOptimizedPlant.com Knowledge Center for more white papers and case studies on reducing costs and increasing efficiency.
The industrial process industry is experiencing a dynamic growth in functional safety applications. That's why companies are actively taking steps to comply with worldwide safety standards such as ANSI/ISA 84 and IEC 61508/61511. To accomplish this, safety practitioners look to a "new generation" of equipmentsuch as single-loop logic solversspecifically designed and approved for safety instrumented systems.
Get this digital interactive white paper and learn how single loop logic solvers can help you achieve your plant safety objectives.
The Need for Wireless Monitoring An Overview
There is a real on-going need for monitoring of valve positions (actuated or manual) in the process
line. Malfunctioning of a valve can result in danger to human health and safety, affect yields, and
generate environmental risks. In some industries, regulation requires constant recording of valve
position. Currently, such monitoring is done through wired Switch Boxes. Each such device
requires data transmission and power cabling. Not only are these cables costly to manufacture and
install, they are also one of the most frequent sources of failures in the process line, due to the fact
that they are very often exposed to harsh environmental conditions. In fact, it is right here, at the
field device level, where the majority of problems with wires really exist.
Israel Radomsky , CEO and Founder, Eltav Wireless Monitoring Ltd. Israel
Properly functioning steam traps open to release condensate and automatically close when steam is present. Failed traps waste fuel, reduce efficiency, increase production costs and compromise the overall integrity of the steam and condensate systems. Traps should be tested on a regular basis -- or the neglect may be quite costly.
Bruce Gorelick, Enercheck Systems and Alan Bandes, UE Systems, Inc.
The old saying, "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure," may have been coined by process and plant engineers tired of repairing or replacing pumps. Adding a flow switch to monitor pump wet/dry conditions in the process control loop to avoid dryrunning conditions helps protect pumps and keeps them running longer.
The ExergenIR speed boost system is a productivity enhancing concept which, by optimizing and properly controlling process temperatures, can dramatically increase production speed while assuring high product quality.
A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a wireless network consisting of spatially distributed autonomous devices that use sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions. These autonomous devices, or nodes, combine with routers and a gateway to create a typical WSN system. The distributed measurement nodes communicate wirelessly to a central gateway, which provides a connection to the wired world where you can collect, process, analyze and present your measurement data.
Carbon-dioxide capture and storage (CCS) offers the potential for major reductions in carbon dioxide emissions of fossil fuel-based power generation in the fairly short term, and oxyfuel combustion is one of the identified CCS technology options. Foster Wheeler (FW) is working on reduction of carbon dioxide with its integrated Flexi-Burn dual-oxidant PC and CFB technology.
The proven high efficiency circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) technology offers a solution for carbon dioxide reduction both in re-powering and in greenfield power plants. CFB technology has the advantages of a more uniform furnace heat flux, excellent fuel flexibility and offers the opportunity to further reduce carbon dioxide emissions by co-firing coal with bio-fuels.
Development and design of an integrated Flexi-Burn dual-oxidant CFB boiler and balance of plant system was conducted in both air mode and oxyfuel mode. Through proper configuration and design, the same boiler can be switched from air mode to oxyfuel mode. The dual-oxidant CFB system incorporates features to maximize plant efficiency and power output when operating in the oxy-firing mode through firing more fuel in the same boiler.
Existing boiler design tools are being modified to incorporate the features of oxy-combustion, so that various design options can be evaluated. The 460 MWe supercritical CFB power plant (currently under construction by FW) has been used as the basis for an integrated Flexi-Burn dual-oxidant CFB study.
Foster Wheeler USA and Foster Wheeler Energia Oy, Finland
Optimum configuration for control system, instrumentation, electrical and condition monitoring of reciprocating compressor is presented. Reciprocating compressors are most flexible and most efficient available compressors. Recommendations regarding inter-stage pressure control, capacity control system, temperature control, performance monitoring, local control panel, irregularity and condition monitoring are discussed.
Installed reciprocating compressor horsepower is approximately three times that of centrifugal compressors and maintenance costs of reciprocating compressors are approximately three and half times greater than those for centrifugal compressors. The expected level of reliability and availability of reciprocating compressors is very high and it presents a real challenge. Advanced methods of control and condition monitoring shall be applied in order to obtain the high level of performance, safety and reliability.