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ISO Definitions of Integration and Interoperability. Here Is More on ICII

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Read Charlie Gifford's article What’s Interoperability and Why Is It Important?



What Are “Interoperability” and “Integration”?

Interoperability and integration are defined by ISO Technical Committee 184, Subcommittee 5 (ISO/TC 184/SC 5), “Architecture, Communications and Integration Frameworks” as follows:

Interoperability

  • Two or more entities (devices, equipment, machines, people, processes, applications, software units, systems, enterprises) can exchange items (information, material, energy, control, assets, ideas) in order to perform their respective tasks.
  • Items exchanged according to a set of rules and mechanisms implemented by an interface in each entity.
  • Inter-operating entities have a common understanding of the properties of the items exchanged.

Integration

  • Two or more component entities (each with a distinct structure, behavior and boundary) form a system that exhibits its own distinct structure, behavior, and boundary.
  • A task is perceived to be accomplished by a system and not by component entities performing individual tasks.
  • Component entities cooperate, collaborate, coordinate and exchange items as needed to perform a system’s task.
  • Interoperability among component entities is a pre-requisite to system integration.

Why Should End Users Join IICI?

For end users’, IICI key benefits include:

  • Public list of certified products and system integrators
  • Single unbiased point of compliance testing and certification
  • IICI certified products save lifecycle integration time & costs
  • Reduced costs and time in product selection and deployment
  • Improved system reliability and responsiveness assured by interoperable products…‘out of the box’ to known high degree
  • Provides a “Voice of the Customer” and “Voice of the Market”
  • A voice in IICI and into form of adaptive manufacturing for global economic growth
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