The Control Talk Blog provides guidance from a user's viewpoint on the design of automation systems, equipment, and piping for process control improvement. Details are offered on the selection and installation of PID controllers, control valves, variable speed drives, and measurements to maximize loop performance. The blogs are often more intensive and extensive and less vendor specific than a white paper. The goal is an advancement of the profession by sharing conceptual principle based knowledge.
Greg McMillan is a retired Senior Fellow from Solutia/Monsanto and an ISA Fellow. At present, he contracts with Emerson DeltaV R&D via CDI Process & Industrial in Austin and consults for MYNAH Simulation Technologies in Saint Louis. Greg received the ISA Kermit Fischer Environmental Award for pH control in 1991, received the Control magazine Engineer of the Year Award for the Process Industry in 1994, was inducted into the Control magazine Process Automation Hall of Fame in 2001, was honored by InTech magazine in 2003 as one of the most influential innovators in automation, and received the ISA Life Achievement Award in 2010.
Why do many process control technologies fail to make prime time being relegated to special applications that are few and far between? Here I give what I see as the keys to a technology being successful and widely used in plant applications.
If the total loop deadtime becomes larger than the open loop time constant, you have a deadtime dominant loop. There is a lot of misunderstanding posed by this difficult challenge including a lot of prevalent myths. Here we look at how we get into this situation, what to expect and...
Here we finish up the extensive presentation of how to get the most out of your PID. We start with a look at the contribution of each mode and show how to estimate performance metrics from tuning settings and how excessive integral action and insufficient proportional action create oscillations.
The major types of process responses and the different worlds of process applications are presented. Additionally, the oversight of not including and understanding the contribution of automation dynamics is addressed. The discussion of the response of the PID is started.
The key aspects of good vessel temperature and pH control are often not recognized. Here we provide some simple guidance and overview of the benefits of a particular strategy and implementation guidelines that should be commonly used.
Here we provide the key points for the final Part 3 of the recordings of my recent AIChE course sponsored by MYNAH Technologies. The focus here is on improving the performance of reactors, fermenters, crystallizers, evaporators, distillation columns, dryers and neutralizers.
Here we provide the key points for Part 2 of my recent AIChE St. Louis Section course sponsored by MYNAH Technologies. The focus here is on improving the performance of compressors, jackets, heat exchangers and batch operations and the key role of valve position control (VPC).
Many simple additions to PID control loops are presented here that can increase the plant production rate, yield, product quality, and on-stream time. The improvements typically can be done by the selection of PID options, pairing of variables, and the addition of PID controllers and simple standard function blocks.
Specifying the best valve size can reduce loop variability and enable tighter control. A side benefit can be easier PID tuning and a smaller valve. By understanding key principles, you can become a valuable resource for getting the best automation component that directly affects the process, the control valve.
There are many different worlds of process control. Here you can learn to understand and appreciate the differences enabling you to extend your expertise in process control. You can benefit from the experiences in other worlds, expanding your capability and marketability helping to make the profession stronger by building on...